The Independence Wars and the Unification of Italy
The Risorgimento is a very important moment for the history of the city of Cavriglia that contributed, albeit modestly, to support the wars in order to achieve the unification of Italy. In 1848, an important year for Italians, the Municipal Council sent a commission to the “Royal Throne” to thank the Grand Duke for the successful grant of the Constitution.
On the 25th of February the same year, Cavriglia’s Counselors authorized the standard-bearer to buy fifty sabers and accoutrements needed for the body of the Civic Guard of Cavriglia, which was instituted by the Government of the Grand Duke on the request of Pope Pius IX a short time before. In April of that year, in the middle of the First War of Independence, which was also attended by regular troops and volunteers from Tuscany, came the guns for the Civic Guard of Cavriglia.
On April 26, 1859, the Second Independence War broke out. The day after Tuscany rebelled and forced the Duke to go away, this time permanently. On July 1st, the armistice of Villafranca was signed ending the Second Independence War. In Cavriglia, on February 10, 1860, the City Council approved the payment of 100 Italian Lire to the Florence standard-bearer, as a contribution from Cavriglia to the fund raising initiated by Giuseppe Garibaldi in order to buy a million guns to continue fighting for Italian Independence.
On the 11th and 12th of March 1860, the plebiscites were held in Tuscany, in Emilia and in Romagna. In Tuscany 366.571 votes were recorded for annexation to the Kingdom of Piemonte and 14.925 in favor of a separate kingdom. Tuscany joined the Kingdom of Piemonte, which after the successful Expedition of the Thousand of Garibaldi and the annexation of the Marches and Umbria, on March 17, 1861, they transformed themselves into the Kingdom of Italy. Only a few regions were missing to complete all of Italy.