Ricasoli FamilyThe story of Montegonzi was closely linked, since the Middle Ages, to Ricasoli Family, feudal lords who boasted numerous possessions in Chianti and Valdarno. Among all the members of this family, there are some very representative and connected to the history of Cavriglia. The first is Bartolo Montegonzi, ascended the headlines for having saved Pope Eugenius IV.
The year was 1434, the history of the church of Rome was closely tied to the tumultuous political events that shook Europe. On 29th May the Romans, instigated by the powerful Colonna family, stormed the Campidoglio. The Pope, disguised as a monk, fled on a boat, went down the Tiber and, though followed by the rioters, he managed to get to Civitavecchia. Here a ship, under the command of Bartolo Ricasoli from Montegonzi, brought the Pontiff to safety who took refuge in Florence at the monastery of the Dominicans at Santa Maria Novella.
Singular also the story of Pier Giovanni Ricasoli, owner of the fortress of Montegonzi, anf of his brother Bindaccio. The latter was in Florence in April 1498 and witnessed the exciting phases of the capture of Fra Girolamo Savonarola. The story is told in a letter he wrote to his brother Pier Giovanni, at the time commander of the garrison that guarded the Montegonzi castle. In the letter, Bindaccio tells how, excommunicated by Pope Alexander VI for his sermons against the violent corruption of the Roman Curia, Savonarola is also alienated the sympathies of the Florentine bourgeoisie who invited him to stop preaching. Despite this, the Dominican friar and his other followers, however, attempted to hold a sermon in the church of Santa Reparata. A riot broke out, says Bindaccio, and the Dominicans took refuge in convent of San Marco. The lordship ordered them to surrender to the civil authorities. In response, the monks barricaded themselves in the convent. The convent was captured by the militia of the Florence, Savonarola and other followers were arrested. Bindaccio Ricasoli also said that the people stormed the houses of noble supporters of the Dominican friar.
The continuation of the story is known: Girolamo Savonarola was burned at the stake together with his followers, Domenico from Pescia and Silvestro from Florence.